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Getting Started with ESP32 and ESP8266 in IOT Projects


The ESP32 and ESP8266 are popular Wi-Fi enabled microcontrollers that are commonly used in IoT projects. These devices are affordable, have a low power consumption, and come with built-in Wi-Fi capabilities, which make them ideal for IoT applications. In this blog entry, we will discuss how to use the ESP32 and ESP8266 in IoT projects.

Hardware and Software Required:

To use the ESP32 and ESP8266 in IoT projects, you will need the following:

  • ESP32 or ESP8266 microcontroller
  • Breadboard and Jumper wires
  • Sensors or other input devices (such as switches, buttons, or relays) depending on the project requirements.
  • Arduino IDE (Integrated Development Environment) or any other compatible programming software
  • Wi-Fi network to connect the devices to the internet

Programming the ESP32 and ESP8266:

To program the ESP32 and ESP8266, you need to use the Arduino IDE. Here are the steps to set up the IDE for programming:

  1. Download and install the Arduino IDE from the official website.
  2. Open the Arduino IDE, and click on File > Preferences.
  3. In the Additional Boards Manager URLs field, enter the following URL: : https://dl.espressif.com/dl/package_esp32_index.json for ESP32 and https://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json for ESP8266. This will allow the IDE to download the necessary files for programming the microcontroller.
  4. Click OK to save the preferences, and then click on Tools > Board > Board Manager.
  5. In the search bar, type “ESP32” or “ESP8266” depending on the device you are using. Select the appropriate board, and click on Install.
  6. Once the installation is complete, select the board under Tools > Board

After setting up the IDE, you can start writing your program. The ESP32 and ESP8266 can be programmed using the Arduino programming language, which is a simplified version of C++.

Example Project: Controlling an LED over Wi-Fi

To demonstrate how to use the ESP32 and ESP8266 in IoT projects, we will create a simple project that controls an LED over Wi-Fi. Here are the steps:

  1. Connect an LED to the ESP32 or ESP8266, and connect the appropriate resistor to limit the current.
  2. Connect the ESP32 or ESP8266 to a Wi-Fi network using the Wi-Fi credentials.
  3. Write a program that connects to the Wi-Fi network, and listens for a message over a particular port.
  4. When the message is received, toggle the LED on or off.

Here’s a sample code for the above project:

#include <WiFi.h>

// Replace with your network credentials
const char* ssid = "your_SSID";
const char* password = "your_PASSWORD";

// Set web server port number to 80
WiFiServer server(80);

void setup() {

  // Connect to Wi-Fi network with SSID and password
  Serial.print("Connecting to ");
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    Serial.println("Connecting to WiFi...");

  // Start the server
  Serial.println("Server started");

  // Set the LED pin as output
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, LOW);

void loop() {
  // Check if a client has connected
  WiFiClient client = server.available

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